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The Universal Mill

The Universal Mill
The Hammer
The Plate
The Stone
Screen

The Universal mill is a milling machine for all small millers, medium scale millers and even large scale millers with niche products to be processed. The Universal mill consist of four applications to allow for virtually limitless types of processing of various products as well as further processing of for instance cake after oil has been expelled or extracted or as fresh seeds to turn into a paste. The four elements of the Universal mill are the plate mill (also called a disc mill), hammer mill, stone mill and pin mill which can be used by spice millers and food condiment suppliers and processors for the wide variety of the world’s spices and herbs which can all be processed on one of the applications.

Such spices and herbs for instance include:

  • Ajwain, carom seeds (Trachyspermum ammi)
  • Akudjura (Solanum centrale) Alexanders (Smyrnium olusatrum)
  • Alkanet (Alkanna tinctoria),
  • Alligator pepper, mbongo spice (mbongochobi), hepper pepper (Aframomumdanielli, A. citratum, A. exscapum) Allspice (Pimenta dioica)
  • Angelica (Angelica archangelica)
  • Anise (Pimpinella anisum)
  • Aniseed myrtle (Syzygium anisatum)
  • Annatto (Bixa orellana)
  • Artemisia (Artemisia spp.)
  • Asafoetida (Ferula assafoetida)
  • Asarabacca (Asarum europaeum)
  • Avens (Geum urbanum)
  • Avocado leaf (Persea americana)
  • Barberry (Berberis vulgaris and other Berberis spp.)
  • Basil, sweet (Ocimum basilicum)
  • Basil, Holy (Ocimum tenuiflorum)
  • Basil, lemon (Ocimum × citriodorum)
  • Basil, Thai (O. basilicum var. thyrsiflora)
  • Bay leaf (Laurus nobilis)
  • Indian Bay leaf, tejpat, malabathrum (Cinnamomum tamala)
  • Boldo (Peumus boldus)
  • Borage (Borago officinalis)
  • Blue fenugreek, blue melilot (Trigonella caerulea)
  • Caper (Capparis spinosa)
  • Caraway (Carum carvi)
  • Cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum)
  • Cardamom, black (Amomum subulatum, Amomum costatum)
  • Cassia (Cinnamomum aromaticum)
  • Catnip (Nepeta cataria)
  • Cayenne pepper (Capsicum annuum)
  • Celery leaf (Apiumi graveolens)
  • Celery seed (Apiumi graveolens)
  • Chervil (Anthriscus cerefolium)
  • Chicory (Cichorium intybus)
  • Chili pepper (Capsicum spp.)
  • Chives (Allium schoenoprasum)
  • Cicely, sweet cicely (Myrrhis odorata)
  • Cilantro, coriander greens, coriander herb (Coriandrum sativum)
  • Cinnamon, Indonesian (Cinnamomum burmannii, Cassia vera)
  • Cinnamon, Saigon or Vietnamese (Cinnamomum loureiroi)
  • Cinnamon, true or Ceylon (Cinnamomum verum, C. zeylanicum)
  • Cinnamon, white (Canella winterana)
  • Cinnamon myrtle (Backhousia myrtifolia) (Australia)
  • Clary, Clary sage (Salvia sclarea)
  • Clove (Syzygium aromaticum)
  • Coriander seed (Coriandrum sativum)
  • Coriander, Vietnamese (Persicaria odorata)
  • Costmary (Tanacetum balsamita)
  • Cubeb pepper (Piper cubeba)
  • Cudweed (Gnaphalium spp.) (Vietnam)
  • Culantro, culangot, long coriander (Eryngium foetidum)
  • Cumin (Cuminum cyminum)
  • Curry leaf (Murraya koenigii)
  • Curry plant (Helichrysum italicum)
  • Dill herb or weed (Anethum graveolens)
  • Dill seed (Anethum graveolens)
  • Elderflower (Sambucus spp.)
  • Epazote (Dysphania ambrosioides)
  • Fennel (Foeniculum vulgare)
  • Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum)
  • Filé powder, gumbo filé (Sassafras albidum)
  • Fingerroot, krachai, temu kuntji (Boesenbergia rotunda)
  • Galangal, greater (Alpinia galanga)
  • Galangal, lesser (Alpinia officinarum)
  • Galingale (Cyperus spp.)
  • Garlic chives (Allium tuberosum)
  • Ginger (Zingiber officinale)
  • Ginger, torch, bunga siantan (Etlingera elatior) (Indonesia)
  • Golpar, Persian hogweed (Heracleum persicum) (Iran)
  • Grains of paradise (Aframomum melegueta)
  • Grains of Selim, Kani pepper (Xylopia aethiopica)
  • Horseradish (Armoracia rusticana)
  • Houttuynia cordata (Vietnam)
  • Huacatay, Mexican marigold, mint marigold (Tagetes minuta)
  • Hyssop (Hyssopus officinalis)
  • Indonesian bay leaf, daun salam (Syzygium polyanthum)
  • Jasmine flowers (Jasminum spp.)
  • Jiaogulan (Gynostemma pentaphyllum)
  • Jimbu (Allium hypsistum) (Nepal)
  • Juniper berry (Juniperus communis)
  • Kaffir lime leaves, Makrud lime leaves (Citrus hystrix)
  • Kala zeera (or kala jira), black cumin (Bunium persicum)
  • Kawakawa seeds (Macropiper excelsum)
  • Keluak, kluwak, kepayang (Pangium edule)
  • Kencur, galangal, kentjur (Kaempferia galanga)
  • Kinh gioi, Vietnamese balm (Elsholtzia ciliata)
  • Kokam seed (Garcinia indica) (Indian confectionery)
  • Korarima, Ethiopian cardamom, false cardamom (Aframomum corrorima)
  • Koseret leaves (Lippia adoensis)
  • Lavender (Lavandula spp.)
  • Lemon balm (Melissa officinalis)
  • Lemon ironbark (Eucalyptus staigeriana)
  • Lemon myrtle (Backhousia citriodora)
  • Lemon verbena (Lippia citriodora)
  • Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus, C. flexuosus, and other Cymbopogon spp.)
  • Leptotes bicolor
  • Lesser calamint (Calamintha nepeta), nipitella, nepitella
  • Licorice, liquorice (Glycyrrhiza glabra)
  • Lime flower, linden flower (Tilia spp.)
  • Lovage (Levisticum officinale)
  • Mace (Myristica fragrans)
  • Mahleb, St. Lucie cherry (Prunus mahaleb)
  • Marjoram (Origanum majorana)
  • Mastic (Pistacia lentiscus)
  • Mint (Mentha spp.), 25 species, hundreds of varieties
  • Mountain horopito (Pseudowintera colorata), 'pepper-plant'
  • Musk mallow, abelmosk (Abelmoschus moschatus)
  • Mustard, black, mustard plant, mustard seed (Brassica nigra)
  • Mustard, brown, mustard plant, mustard seed (Brassica juncea)
  • Mustard, white, mustard plant, mustard seed (Sinapis alba)
  • Mustard, yellow (Brassica hirta = Sinapis alba)
  • Nigella, kalonji, black caraway, black onion seed (Nigella sativa)
  • Njangsa, djansang (Ricinodendron heudelotii)
  • Nutmeg (Myristica fragrans)
  • Olida (Eucalyptus olida)
  • Oregano (Origanum vulgare, O. heracleoticum, and other species)
  • Oregano, Cuban (Plectranthus amboinicus)
  • Orris root (Iris germanica, I. florentina, I. pallida)
  • Pandan flower, kewra (Pandanus odoratissimus)
  • Pandan leaf, screwpine (Pandanus amaryllifolius)
  • Paprika (Capsicum annuum)
  • Paracress (Spilanthes acmella, Soleracea)
  • Parsley (Petroselinum crispum)
  • Pepper, black, white, and green (Piper nigrum)
  • Pepper, Brazilian, or pink pepper (Schinus terebinthifolius)
  • Pepper, Dorrigo (Tasmannia stipitata)
  • Pepper, long (Piper longum)
  • Pepper, mountain, Cornish pepper leaf (Tasmannia lanceolata)
  • Peppermint (Mentha piperata)
  • Peppermint gum leaf (Eucalyptus dives)
  • Perilla, shiso (Perilla spp.)
  • Peruvian pepper (Schinus molle)
  • Quassia (Quassia amara), bitter spice in aperitifs and some beers and fortified wines
  • Rice paddy herb (Limnophila aromatica) (Vietnam)
  • Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis)
  • Rue (Ruta graveolens)
  • Safflower (Carthamus tinctorius), for yellow color
  • Saffron (Crocus sativus)
  • Sage (Salvia officinalis)
  • Saigon cinnamon (Cinnamomum loureiroi)
  • Salad burnet (Sanguisorba minor)
  • Salep (Orchis mascula)
  • Sassafras (Sassafras albidum)
  • Savory, summer (Satureja hortensis)
  • Savory, winter (Satureja montana)
  • Shiso (Perilla frutescens)
  • Silphium, silphion, laser, laserpicium, lasarpicium (Ancient Roman cuisine, Ancient
  • Greek cuisine)
  • Sorrel (Rumex acetosa)
  • Sorrel, sheep (Rumex acetosella)
  • Spearmint (Mentha spicata)
  • Spikenard (Nardostachys grandiflora or N. jatamansi)
  • Star anise (Illicium verum)
  • Sumac (Rhus coriaria)
  • Sweet woodruff (Galium odoratum)
  • Szechuan pepper, Sichuan pepper (Zanthoxylum piperitum)
  • Tarragon (Artemisia dracunculus)
  • Thyme (Thymus vulgaris)
  • Thyme, lemon (Thymus × citriodorus)
  • Turmeric (Curcuma longa)
  • Vanilla (Vanilla planifolia)
  • Voatsiperifery (Piper borbonense)
  • Wasabi (Wasabia japonica)
  • Water-pepper, smartweed (Polygonum hydropiper)
  • Watercress (Rorippa nasturtium-aquatica)
  • Wattleseed
  • Wild thyme (Thymus serpyllum)
  • Willow herb (Epilobium parviflorum)
  • Wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens)
  • Wood avens, herb bennet (Geum urbanum)
  • Woodruff (Galium odoratum)
  • Wormwood, absinthe (Artemisia absinthium)
  • Yerba buena, any of four different species, many unrelated
  • Yarrow (Achillea millefolium)
  • Za'atar (herbs from the genera Origanum, Calamintha, Thymus, and Satureja)
  • Zedoary (Curcuma zedoaria)

Of course the milling of all grains is also possible on the Universal mill, and especially wet maize and wheat milling for “masa de maiz” and “masa de trigo” used in Mexican preparations called nixtamalization and can be famously ground on the Universal mill’s plate mill apart from grinding of all warm season and cold season grains, pseudocereal grains, starchy broadleaf grains as well as pulses such as: finger millet, fonio, foxtail millet, Japanese millet, Job's tears, kodo millet, maize (corn), millet, pearl millet, proso millet, sorghum, Barley, Rye Grains, Rice grains, barley, oats, rice, rye,spelt, teff, triticale, ,wheat, wild rice, Buckwheat, amaranth, chia, quinoa. Lentil, chickpeas, common beans, common peas (garden peas), fava beans, lima beans, lupins, mung beans, peanuts, pigeon peas, runner beans, soybeans.

In the case of nuts – both culinary and botanical nuts as well as drupe seeds, germosperm seeds and angiosperm seeds, the Universal mill has virtually limitless applications.

Such products include:

Acorn (Quercus, Lithocarpus and Cyclobalanopsis spp.), Beech (Fagus spp.),American beech (Fagus grandifolia), European beech (Fagus sylvatica,Breadnut (Brosimum alicastrum), Candlenut (Aleurites moluccana), Chestnuts (Castanea spp.) Chinese chestnuts (Castanea mollissima) Sweet chestnuts (Castanea sativa) Deeknut (Corylus Dikana), Hazelnuts (Corylus spp.), American hazelnut (Corylus americana), Eastern and western beaked hazel (Corylus cornuta), European hazelnut (Corylus avellana] Filbert (Corylus maxima), Siberian hazelnut (C. heterophylla), C. kweichowensis, C. sieboldiana, Johnstone River almond (Elaeocarpus bancroftii), Kola nut (Cola spp) Kurrajong (Brachychiton spp.), Malabar chestnut (Pachira aquatica) Mongongo (Ricinodendron rautanenii) , Palm nuts (Elaeis guineensis), Karuka (Pandanus spp.), Planted karuka (Pandanus julianettii), Wild karuka (Pandanus brosimos) Red bopple nut (Hicksbeachia pinnatifolia), Yellow walnut (Beilschmiedia bancroftii). Smoked almonds, Apricot kernels "Persipan” , australian cashew nut (Semecarpus australiensis, Betel or areca nuts (Areca catechu), Borneo tallow nuts, Canarium nut (Canarium harveyi, Canarium indicum, or Canarium commune, Chinese olive (Canarium album) Pili nuts (Canarium ovatum), Cashews (Anacardium occidentale), Chilean hazel (Gevuina avellana), Coconut (Cocos nucifera), Gabon nut (Coula edulis), Hickory (Carya spp.), Mockernut hickory (Carya tomentosa), Pecans (Carya illinoinensis) , Shagbark hickory (Carya ovata), Shellbark hickory (Carya laciniosa), Bush mango (Irvingia gabonensis) Ogbono nut (Irvingia wombolu Jack nuts (Artocarpus heterophyllus) Bread Nuts (Artocarpus camansi) Panda oleosa, Pekea nut, or butter-nut of Guiana (Caryocar nuciferum), Pistachio (Pistacia vera L.), Black walnut (Juglans nigra), Butternut (Juglans cinerea) (or white walnut) English walnut (Juglans regia) (or Persian walnut) Heartnut, or Japanese walnut (Juglans aitlanthifolia) Pine nuts, Cycads (Macrozamia spp.) Burrawang nut (Macrozamia communis), Ginkgo nuts (Ginkgo biloba) Bunya nut (Araucaria bidwillii), Monkey-puzzle nut (Araucaria araucana) Paraná pine nut (Araucaria angustifolia) (or Brazil pine nut) Pine nuts (Pinus spp.) Chilgoza pine (Pinus gerardiana), Colorado pinyon (Pinus edulis), Korean pine (Pinus koraiensis), Mexican pinyon (Pinus cembroides), Single-leaf pinyon (Pinus monophylla) Stone pine, or pignolia nut (Pinus pinea) Macadamia nuts. Brazil nuts (Bertholletia excelsa), Paradise nut (Lecythis usitata),] Peanut tree (Sterculia quadrifida) or bush peanut.

Apart from this comprehensive list of applications, the pin mill is also extremely suitable to grind down products with a high sugar content as pure cane sugar and beet sugar into castor sugar and icing sugar. The plate mill again is the only mill able to grind down the seeds of presopus, a sweet seed used by persons suffering from diabetes.

Stone milling applications include all grains mentioned above milled down for organic preparations. Only the very finest Danish millstones are used in this application and grinding takes place at low revolutions per minute to retain low temperatures during milling.

Spare parts and mills are available from ABC Hansen in South Africa and its dealers in Nebraska for the USA and in Denmark for Europe.

Complete milling systems can be designed and supplied to include cleaning through separation, aspiration and by specific weight, destoning, conveyance by means of augers (screw conveyors), belt and chain conveyors, inclined belts, bucket elevators and air conveyance as well as cooling, extrusion, expelling of oil, roasting, and packing.

The Universal Mill 

The unique combination of hammer mill, plate mill and stone mill, (also known as the milling triplets) in one basic structure is an inexpensive solution to small millers requiring these functions. The various attachments and speed reducers are supplied in kit form whereby one drive unit is all it takes to, in turn, transform the plate mill into a hammer mill or a stone mill.
Without changing pulleys, a simple frequency inverter may be used to change the required speed of operation for the various applications.
The plate mill is used for grinding grains and wet and oily products. The hammer mill is used for milling herbs or other coarse / large particle, non free flowing  material.
The stone mill is used for fine milling of all the above products other than wet and oily products.

U.S. customers can order the ABC Hansen Universal Disc Mill Plate Grinder from Pleasant Hill Grain, the U.S. importer.
Datasheet: MPUU UNIVERSAL MILL
Types of mills


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